Arguably the biggest news from this week's Biology of Genomes conference at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory is this:
- the male sample, Oase 1, is 37-42K years old and comes from the Pestera cu Oase site in southwestern RomaniaIt sounds to me as if Oase 1 is similar to Kostenki14 (see here), so I'd say there's a good chance its Y-chromosome belongs to haplogroup C-M130.
- it's estimated to harbor 5-11% of genome-wide Neanderthal ancestry, with as much as 50% on chromosome 12
- the admixture is in relatively long stretches, which suggests that the mixture took place four to six generations before Oase 1 was alive
- it's similar to present-day Eurasians, and apparently from a population that was on the way to becoming European, but probably did not contribute in any significant way to the genetic makeup of present-day Europeans
- thus far, the capture method used by the scientists has managed to snag around 78,000 genome-wide sites (presumably SNPs), but the sequencing efforts continue, and we might see a Y-haplogroup result in the near future
Update 23/6/205: Oase 1: An early modern human from Romania with a recent Neanderthal ancestor